FIR Full Form
Friends, we often hear the name of FIR in relation to any incident or in the context of any criminal proceedings. You too must have heard sometime or other that an FIR has been registered in relation to a case or an FIR has been registered by the police against the culprit in the related case. But most people do not know What F.I.R. is? Or What is F.I.R. Full Form. or What does FIR mean?
So friends today through this article we are going to tell you what is FIR Full Form? What is the meaning of FIR? Apart from this, in this article, we will give you detailed information about FIR. Along with this, in this article, how do we Register Zero FIR and FIR from phone or mobile? Will also give information related to this.
What is FIR Full Form
So friends, let us tell you that FIR Full Form is “First-Information Report”
FIR Full Form – “First Information Report”
What is First Information Report (FIR)
Fir By the way, you all will be familiar with this word. Whenever any problem comes in our life people immediately keep threatening that I will file FIR against you. There are many reasons for writing an FIR, one when an incident happens, an FIR is written, or to avoid any accident or any kind of apprehension in the future, people get an FIR written so that security remains in their lives.
FIR / First Information Report as the name suggests is a written document by which the victim (or a person on behalf of the victim) informs the police officer about the crime. So in this way we can say that FIR is a written document which is prepared by the police. It describes the details of the crime. It is an essential function which is performed by the police before starting the investigation of the crime.
Whenever the complaining person makes a complaint to the police in the police station, then the police takes the information about the crime in detail from that person, writes it on a paper, gets the police station chief’s signature on that paper and puts a stamp on it, and a copy of it is also given to the complainant. gives off. On this there is a signature of the station head and the complainant. This is called FIR (First Information Report).
FIR or First Information Report is a report prepared by the police on receiving information regarding any criminal incident. On the occurrence of any incident, the first report filed by the police on the complaint of the victim is called FIR (First-Information Report). Only after the registration of FIR, the investigation of the related crime can be done.
इसे भी देखें :-
After this, the police enters the FIR number in its register. When the police feel that all the information you have provided to them is correct, then after that they start their proceedings.
Let us tell you here that you register an FIR for many reasons like – if there is a quarrel among themselves, if there is a quarrel with someone in the neighborhood, if there is a theft somewhere, or there is a possibility of someone’s threat in future etc. In such a situation, people get an FIR registered.
When an aggrieved person lodges a complaint with the police for prompt action, it is called an ‘FIR’. When a particular person becomes a victim of any kind of crime, then for his safety, he lodges a written or oral complaint with the police, then it is called FIR. Written FIR is more valid.
In order to provide justice to the citizens, the facility of FIR has been provided by the government under the law and order. Any citizen can get justice by registering an FIR for any incident using the right given by the constitution. Every police station has a fir register to record crime related information where all complaints are registered. Based on the information given by the victim, the police registers an FIR, which contains the details of the crime. Citizens have been given the following rights regarding registration of FIR :-
इसे भी देखें :-
- In section 154 of CrPC i.e. Criminal Procedure Code 1973, provision has been given to write FIR.
- It is necessary for the police to register the information of crime by the citizens orally to the police.
- The citizen who registers the FIR has the right to read the FIR registered by the police and only then give his consent.
- After registering the FIR by the police, it is necessary that after the consent of the citizen on a copy of the FIR by the police, his signature should also be taken so that his consent can be confirmed.
- The aggrieved person has also been given the right to ask for a photocopy of the FIR.
- Police have the right to arrest the criminal without any warrant only on the basis of an FIR.
- FIR is lodged in the police station by the officer who is present on duty.
- FIR is the starting point of the investigation by the police. Without FIR, the police does not start the process of investigation.
The main things mentioned in any FIR are:–
- FIR Number
- Place and Time of Crime
- Name of the person who lodged the FIR
- Name or Description of the Offender
- Complainant Details
Information Related to Writing FIR Application
- First of all, you have to give this application in the police station, within the police station area of which the incident has happened.
- In the application, first of all, write the full address of the police station in which you want to file a report.
- After this, write a short description of the incident (about which you want to register an FIR) in the subject column.
- After this, giving information about your full name, address etc., write the complete details of the incident that happened to you in the application.
- After this, giving information about your full name, address etc., write the complete details of the incident that happened to you in the application.
- If any person was present when the incident took place, write his name and details related to him.
- If you are well acquainted with the person who committed the crime, then definitely write this information in the application.
- If you have any evidence of the incident such as audio or video or any other type of evidence, mention it in the application.
- Write the details of the loss you suffered in the incident as well in the FIR.
- If any person or companion was present with you during the incident, then also write his details in the application.
- If you do not know the person who committed the crime, then give details of his dress, clothes, color, spoken language etc.
- Apart from this, if you have any other information, then definitely include its details in this application, so that the police can easily reach the culprit.
- Make sure to attach a photocopy of your identity card with the application or application.
- Be sure to put your signature at the bottom of the application.
Rules for Registering FIR
Here are some rules for filing fir by the complainant and the police officer which are given below :-
- It is not necessary that the victim himself should report the crime.
- FIR can be an action filed by anyone who has knowledge about the crime.
- A police officer has no right to refuse to register an FIR.
- If the police officer comes to know about the crime then he himself can register the FIR.
What is the Procedure to File an FIR?
To register an FIR, the complainant has to follow the steps given below –
- Go to the nearest police station to the place where the crime took place.
- You can give information either orally or in writing. If there is an oral complaint, the police officer should convert it into written form.
- The police authority is responsible for recording all the information on the FIR record book.
- The police officer is responsible for giving a copy of the FIR to the complainant.
- Police will start investigation as soon as the FIR is put on record.
What is Zero FIR?
It is generally seen that most of the police station heads or officers in the police station refuse to write the report because the crime that happened is not of their police station area. In such a situation, the common man has to face a lot of trouble. Not only this, sometimes the victim does not get justice due to late filing of the complaint. To remove these difficulties of the common man, the provision of Zero FIR was made.
Zero FIR is like a normal FIR. However, one of its biggest advantages is that it does not create any jurisdictional barriers. Usually, when the police registers an FIR in any police station only when the crime has taken place under that police station’s jurisdiction. But this does not happen in Zero FIR. In this, the victim or any acquaintance of that person, relative or any eyewitness can also register an FIR in any police station. This is called Zero FIR.
On the basis of Zero FIR, the police starts its action or investigation. Later, the case is transferred to the police station of the concerned area.
Benefits of Zero FIR
- Getting information about the incident to the police without delay.
- After registering a Zero FIR, the police have to take action, even if the matter is not under its jurisdiction.
- Through timely action, many important evidence and proofs can be saved from being destroyed.
- The aggrieved person does not have to wander from door to door to get justice. Wherever he is, he can plead for justice from there itself.
Under what circumstances Zero FIR is Registered
Generally, crimes are divided into two categories – cognizable and non-cognizable. Cognizable offenses are very serious. These include rape, murder, murderous assault etc. It is necessary to report such crimes immediately, so that action can be initiated at the earliest. Zero FIR can be lodged in such cases. Zero FIRs are registered in more rape cases, so that the victim can be medically examined immediately.
On the other hand, non-cognizable offenses do not come under the category of serious offences, such as assault or fighting etc. In such cases, FIR is not registered directly, rather they are first referred to the Magistrate. After which the Magistrate issues summons and only after that further proceedings begin.
What is the action after registration of FIR?
When the FIR is lodged by the aggrieved person and the police registers the FIR in the primary form, then the police are legally bound to take action.
FIR is a step before starting the investigation of the case. After this the police starts the investigation about the incident through investigation. Investigates the case, collects evidence, interrogates all kinds of witnesses related to the incident, records the statement of the case and sends it for forensic examination of the main incident. Now when the investigation is completed by the police, it prepares a challan or charge sheet (a letter containing the details of the charges / charge sheet).
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Once the FIR is lodged, the process begins :-
- If it is not a zero FIR then the police authority will immediately start the investigation.
If the matter is worth investigating, the police will analyze it. If it is just a few rupees or not a big issue, then the police do not process the investigation.
The police sends the FIR to the magistrate and reviews the crime and reports to him.
After this the Magistrate orders another inquiry related to the FIR.
Any person who gives a statement in the investigation process is required to sign the report.
If the judges are satisfied with the final inquiry report, they can issue orders.
What to do if the police refuse to Register FIR?
It is the right of citizens to register an FIR in relation to any case or offense, so it is not the right of a police officer to refuse to register an FIR.
But if in any case, a police officer refuses to register an FIR on irrational grounds, you can complain to a higher ranked police officer.
If that police authority also rejects it then you can register your FIR with the judicial officer. Based on your complaint, the judicial officer will order the police to register your FIR if the judicial officer finds it important.
If we talk about the punishment for refusing to register an FIR by the police officers, then the police officers can be imprisoned for 1 year for refusing to register an FIR.
Some interesting facts About FIR?
- When it comes to assessing the FIR, it requires common sense to analyze and criticize it.
- If the reported offender or the offender proposed in the FIR is a public figure such as a celebrity, public servant, politician, etc. So first they will go through preliminary screening.
- FIR is not for writing story or narrative format, FIR is for showing how the incident happened.
How to register FIR from a smart phone / mobile?
Friends, now you can register FIR from your smartphone / mobile also. In earlier times, it was necessary to go to the police station to report to the police, but now you can register the FIR online for small incidents without going to the police station.
But friends, the FIR registered online from your smartphone / mobile cannot be registered in the name of any particular person, that means this FIR can be registered only against unknown people.
Apart from this, you cannot register an FIR online for any big incident, in this only you can give information about small criminal incidents to the police through online FIR. Through this, you can register a complaint about any minor incident like mobile theft, theft or loss of things like laptop, car, bike, PAN card, ATM card through online FIR.
Let us know how you can get online FIR registered from home.
How to Register Online FIR From Mobile?
For this, first of all you have to go to the website of your state police. The website of the police of all the states is different, you can find out the website of the police of your state with the help of Google, like the websites of the police of some states of India are given below.
Online FIR for MP State Police – https://www.mppolice.gov.in/en
Online FIR In UP – https://cctnsup.gov.in/CitizenPortal/Login.aspx
इसे भी देखें :-
Online FIR in Delhi – https://delhipolice.gov.in/
FIR Online Haryana – https://haryanapolice.gov.in/
Online FIR Rajasthan – https://police.rajasthan.gov.in/
Online FIR Bihar – https://scrb.bihar.gov.in/view_fir.aspx
To register online FIR report through these websites, you must have email ID and mobile number. Because first of all you have to create your account in these websites for which mobile number and email ID will be required.
For your information, we are telling the process of online fir registration in Uttar Pradesh. Hence it will be valid only for Uttar Pradesh. Along with this, you can register a complaint online by choosing the website according to your state.
Process of registering online e-FIR
To register an Online E-FIR, first of all you have to visit the Online FIR portal cctns (crime & criminal tracking network & system) of UP Police and create an online account, after which you will get user ID and password.
Now log in on the basis of those information and then the page of the website will open in front of you, on which you will see three options.
- Existing User
- New User
- Authenticate Submitted Report
After this, to register a new report, you have to click on New User, then as soon as you click on it, then at the same time a new page will open in front of you, here you will be asked for name, email and phone number information. , Here you fill all the information correctly because there can be no further change in the information given here.
After filling your name, email ID and phone number, you will receive a verification code (OTP) on your mobile number, and the same code will also be sent to your email ID, you need this code at the time of final submit.
इसे भी देखें : -
After this, you click on Register, as soon as you click on it, a new page will open in front of you, in which your name, email and phone number will already be filled.
On this page, your personal information will be asked, such as father’s name, address, and a column of detailed information about the incident will appear, where you have to fill all the information about what happened to you, but for this you have to use only English language here. Will have to use only because other language is not supported in it, after giving correct information you will have to click on Next button.
Then a new page will open in front of you. In this, you will get complete details about the incident, like – If your mobile is lost, then you will get its mobile SIM number, mobile company name and model number, mobile IMEI number and your mobile details in the column below. Can write, after filling the correct information, you click on NEXT
As soon as you click on NEXT, a window will open in front of you, in which you will be asked for the verification code, you can enter the code after seeing the SMS of your mobile or you can enter the code after seeing through the email.
After this, your report will be submitted as soon as you enter the code and a copy of it will be sent to your email immediately, which you can take a print out and use it anywhere, after that an SMS of the successful report will also be sent to your mobile number. will be given. You can also get the print of your report by going to Authenticate Submitted Report.
Similarly, you can also register e-FIR through UPCOP Mobile App in mobile.
How to Register e-FIR from UPCOP Mobile App?
For this, first of all you have to visit Google Play Store to download UPCOP Mobile App.
- Search “UPCOP” on Google Play Store, here you will see the icon of UPCOP mobile app. Install this application.
After the app is installed, you can create your user account in the same way as the process of creating ID in the portal is given above.
After creating an account on UPCOP Mobile App, log in and select the type of complaint you want to file.
- After selecting, fill all the information correctly and submit the complaint.
Your online FIR will be registered.
How to Check FIR Online?
If you have filed an online FIR and what is the action taken on your complaint or what is the status of your FIR? So you can also check it very easily. To check the status of online fir, you should follow the following steps:-
As soon as you login, you will see the option ‘View FIR Status’.
Click on this option and enter your Complaint Number.
On entering the Registered Complaint Number, the current status of your FIR will be visible.
You can also take the print-out of online FIR copy from here.
FAQ About FIR Full Form?
Q. What is the Meaning of FIR?
Ans : Information lodged with the police for action regarding a (criminal) incident is called a First Information Report (FIR).
Q. When is the FIR done? / When is FIR Registered?
Ans : Whenever any incident or accident happens to any person anywhere in the country, he first goes to the police station and reports it. Which is called FIR. It is a written document, on the basis of which the police take action.
Q. Who can write FIR?
Ans : It is not necessary that the victim himself should report the crime. FIR can be an action filed by anyone who has knowledge about the crime.
Apart from this, if the police officer comes to know about the crime, then he himself can file an FIR.
Q. Where and when is the FIR lodged?
Ans : FIR is generally lodged in the police station under whose jurisdiction the crime takes place. There are many reasons for writing an FIR, one when an incident happens, an FIR is written, or to avoid any accident or any kind of apprehension in the future, people get an FIR written so that security remains in their lives.
Q. What happens after the FIR is Registered?
Ans : When the FIR is lodged by the aggrieved person and the police registers the FIR in the primary form, then the police are legally bound to take action.
FIR is a step before starting the investigation of the case. After this the police started the investigation about the incident. Investigates the case, collects evidence, interrogates all kinds of witnesses related to the incident, records the statement of the case and sends it for forensic examination of the main incident.
Now when the investigation is completed by the police, it prepares a challan or charge sheet (a letter containing the details of the charges / charge sheet).
Q. 5What is the difference between FIR and Charge Sheet?
Ans : FIR is a report to be written at the police station, which a person gets written in relation to a crime. Which is also called First Information Report. While the charge sheet is sent to the court after the investigation by the police after the allegations are proved, on which the trial is started by the court after taking cognizance.
Q. What is the difference between FIR and Case?
Ans : When the information of a criminal incident is received in the police station and its information is registered by the police under Section 154 CrPC as an intervening crime, then it is called an FIR and the police, after completing the investigation of that criminal case, present the case in the court. If they do, it becomes a lawsuit.
Q. How is the FIR Canceled?
Ans : If the court is convinced that the person is innocent and has been falsely implicated, then the FIR can be quashed by the court. A High Court can quash the FIR on the ground that the case is a false case and ask the police to set the aggrieved person free if arrested.
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Q. Can FIR be Withdrawn?
Ans : The FIR can also be withdrawn, provided the police has not prepared the charge sheet on the FIR and filed it in the court. To withdraw the FIR, the aggrieved person has to give an application to the concerned police station in-charge. If the police refuse to return the FIR, then the aggrieved person can withdraw it through the court.
Q. What to do if someone files a false FIR?
Ans : If a false FIR has been lodged against a person knowingly, an application for quashing of the FIR can be made in the High Court by filing a writ petition under Article 216 of the Constitution. If the High Court finds the evidence of innocence correct, the FIR can be canceled.
So friends, here in this article, we have given you the Full Form of FIR (FIR Full Form) and much more information about FIR. And apart from this, in this article, we have told you about “What is Zero FIR?” And how to Register FIR online by mobile? Information has also been given about this.
Hope after reading this article you will know the full form of FIR and what is zero FIR? And how to register Online FIR from mobile online? Information about would have been received. You must have liked the article.
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